Securing the Future of Animal Health and Food Production
The Critical Role of the Veterinary Practitioner
A Legacy of Success:
The New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets has a long and successful history of preventing, controlling, and eradicating diseases of animal health and public health significance. Examples of successful disease control efforts include the elimination of equine infectious anemia in horses, eradication of brucellosis and tuberculosis in cattle and deer populations, eradication of chronic wasting disease in captive deer populations, elimination of low pathogenic avian influenza in poultry, and many others. Additional outbreaks of emerging or introduced pathogens of animal and public health significance are periodically detected and managed in manner that minimizes their health and economic impact.
Success depends upon the establishment and maintenance of an animal health infrastructure that supports a sensitive system that facilitates the early detection, effective response, and rapid recovery when confronted with animal health events. None of these achievements are possible in the absence of the cooperation, forward thinking and active participation of New York’s Veterinary Practitioners, Veterinary Technicians, producers, animal caretakers and managers.
Evolving Risk: The Case for Readiness
In 2001, a vulnerability assessment was conducted by the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture (http://ianrhome.unl.edu/inthenews/resources/safe_animal_health.pdf) to evaluate the risk to the animal health threat and the current status of the national infrastructure to address such risks. Their findings call attention to the fact that animal health threats have evolved, and that the animal health response infrastructure must be appropriately positioned to effectively manage these increased threats.
The study identified specific areas of concern:
Role of the Veterinary Practitioner
The veterinary practitioner serves as the front line sentinel for detection of infectious disease outbreaks and is also a major factor in the successful response to any outbreak. The veterinary practitioner is uniquely positioned to detect, interpret, and report the clinical expression of the existence or unexpected frequency of infectious diseases, toxins, or physical agents in animal populations.
In order to be successful in the effort to protect animal health, the veterinary practitioner should be proficient in the following:
- Recognize the clinical presentation of emerging or foreign animal diseases.
- Recognize the clinical presentation of diseases included in the New York State Reportable Disease list.
- Understand regulatory controls designed to prevent the introduction, amplification and dissemination of infectious diseases of animals.
- Understand the animal health emergency response and animal health incident management system.
- Obtain credentials for animal health emergency operations
- Notify regulatory officials of the presence of suspect or confirmed emerging or reportable diseases in animals.
- Notify regulatory officials of animal movements or practices that are not consistent with federal or state rules and regulations designed to limit the introduction and dissemination of infectious disease.
- Notify regulatory officials of animal movements or practices that are not consistent with generally accepted animal health safeguards and biosecurity.
- Obtain appropriate samples to confirm suspected diagnosis.
- Take appropriate steps to limit further spread of a suspect infectious disease.
- Manage animal and human movements that may tend to spread the suspect infectious agent.
- Isolate affected animals as the situation dictates.
- Work with regulatory animal health officials and animal health diagnosticians to establish an effective control plan for the outbreak.
- Participate in the response effort.
- Help monitor control plan compliance.
The rapid detection and management of diseased populations is a key to the ultimate success of such efforts, and is a primary determinant of the ability to limit the impact of a disease on an affected population. The veterinary practitioner is an essential partner in the effort to achieve this goal.
Importation & Exportation
Emergency Import Regulations
List of State Phone Numbers of Import and Export Requirements
Link to USDA Import/Export Page:
For Interstate Movement of Animals - www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/sregs
For International Movement of Animals - www.aphis.usda.gov/regulations/vs/iregs/animals/
Contagious Equine Metritis (CEM) Quarantine Facility at Cornell University –
**THIS FACILITY ACCEPTS MARES AND STALLIONS**
Theresa Steigerwald (607) 253-3931
Lisa Bowen Laue (607) 253-3938
USDA Canadian Border Veterinarians
Please contact the following veterinarians if you have questions regarding animals being imported from Canada:
Alexandria Bay – Dr. Wayne Evans 315-482-2601
Champlain – Dr. Justin Krause 518-298-2191
Lewiston – Dr. Farooq Hashmi 716-297-6203
If you need assistance importing livestock from overseas, please contact:
New York Animal Import Center (Newburgh, NY) – 845-564-2950
Currently the only non-exotic animal group which requires movement permits to be obtained prior to live animal movement is cervids (deer and elk). ALL MOVEMENTS (INTERSTATE AND INTRASTATE) OF LIVE CERVIDS REQUIRE NUMBERED MOVEMENT PERMITS TO BE ISSUED BEFORE THE ANIMAL MOVMENT OCCURS. This includes movement of breeding animals from one herd to another on the same farm and movements to other breeding herds, hunting preserves and slaughter facilities regardless of the location of the premises of origin or destination. Contact the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets, Division of Animal Industry at 518-457-3971 to obtain a permit. Please allow at least 3 business days.
Contact NYS Dept of Agriculture & Markets Import / Export Clerk:
Ph: 518-457-3971 Fax: 518-485-0839
10B Airline Drive
Albany, NY 12235
Contact APHIS Veterinary Services Import / Export Clerk in Albany, NY:
Ph: 518-218-7540 Fax: 518-218-7545
500 New Karner Road 2nd Floor
Albany, NY 12205
Letters to Veterinarians
Pet Food/Treat Salmonella Study
2012 Letter to Veterinarians about Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE)
New York State County and State Fair Information
Reportable Disease and Foreign Animal Disease (FAD)
Any individual may report a disease outbreak or suspicious disease occurrence in animals by calling the Division of Animal Industry at 518-457-3502. If you are a veterinarian, regulatory official or diagnostic laboratory and need immediate assistance due to an animal health emergency, and it is after normal business hours, please call the New York State Emergency Management Office at 518-292-2200 and your call will be directed to the appropriate individual.
List of Reportable Diseases
NYS Dept of Ag and Markets Field Employees List
NYS Accredited Veterinarian Newsletter