Pursuant to the
MANUFACTURE, DISTRIBUTION AND SALE OF
MAPLE SYRUP AND SUGAR
Sections 160-u, 203 and 204
Of the Agriculture and Markets Law
Parts 175, 176, 276-1 and 276.4 of Title 1
Of the Official Compilation of Codes, Rules and
Regulations of the State of New York
Revised as of April 1996
MANUFACTURE, DISTRIBUTION and SALE OF
MAPLE SYRUP AND SUGAR
Section 160-u. Manufacture, distribution and sale of maple syrup
- "Maple sap" means the sap or sweet water obtained
by tapping the maple tree.
- "Maple syrup" means syrup made exclusively by the
evaporation of pure maple sap.
- "Maple sugar" means sugar made exclusively by the
evaporation of pure maple syrup.
- "Grade" shall mean the standards for maple syrup
or maple sugar promulgated by the commissioner of Agriculture
and Markets, as the official grades of maple syrup or maple
sugar for the state of New York.
- Every consumer package of maple syrup offered or exposed for
sale shall be plainly marked as to the grade.
- Advertising. Any person who uses roadside signs within the
state or who uses publications printed or distributed within the
state, to advertise maple syrup and who quotes a price therein,
shall specify the grade of the syrup in a plain and conspicuous
- The commissioner of Agriculture and Markets shall promulgate,
after public hearing, rules and regulations to carry out the provisions
of this statute.
ADULTERATION, PACKING AND BRANDING OF FOOD AND
Section 203. Manufacture and sale of imitation maple sugar and
- No person shall manufacture for sale, keep for sale, or offer
or expose for sale, any sugar in imitation or semblance of maple
sugar which is not pure maple sugar, nor any syrup in imitation
or semblance of maple syrup, which is not pure maple syrup, nor
shall any person manufacture, offer or expose for sale any sugar
as and for maple sugar which is not pure maple sugar, nor any
syrup as and for maple syrup which is not pure maple syrup.
- For the purpose of this article the term "maple sugar"
shall be deemed to mean sugar made from pure maple sap or pure
maple syrup, and the term "maple syrup" shall be deemed
to mean syrup made from pure maple sap.
Section 204. Branding and labeling of maple sugar and syrup
No person shall manufacture, sell or expose for sale, any compound
or mixture as and for sugar which shall be made up of maple sugar
mixed with any other sugar or any other substance without branding
or labeling the said sugar with a statement giving the ingredients
of which it is made up. No person shall manufacture, sell, expose
for sale or offer for sale any compound or mixture as syrup which
shall be made up of maple syrup mixed with any other syrup or ingredient
without branding or labeling said syrup with a statement giving
the ingredients of which it is made up. This shall not be construed
to apply to a syrup or syrups manufactured and sold for medicinal
RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR GRADING MAPLE PRODUCTS
175.2 Grades of maple syrup
175.3 Color of maple syrup
175.4 Classification of requirements for maple syrup
175.5 Determining the grade of a lot of maple syrup
175.6 Recommended fill of container
175.7 Compliance with other legal requirements
Section 175.1 Definitions.
As used in this Subchapter:
- Maple syrup means syrup made exclusively by the evaporation
of pure maple sap. Alternatively, the word syrup may be
spelled sirup. The solids content of the finished maple
syrup shall be not less than 66 percent by weight (Brix) at 68
- Maple sugar means sugar made exclusively by the evaporation
of pure maple syrup or pure maple sap.
- Cloudiness means the presence, in suspension, of fine
particles of mineral matter, such as malate of lime, "niter",
"sugar sand", calcium malate, or other substances that
detract from the clearness of the syrup.
- Clean means that the syrup shall be practically free
from foreign material such as pieces of bark, soot, dust or dirt.
- Damage means any defect that materially affects the
appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the syrup or sugar.
- Serious damage means any defect that seriously affects
the edibility or market value of the syrup. Badly scorched syrup,
buddy syrup, fermented syrup, or syrup that has any distasteful
foreign flavor or disagreeable odor shall be considered as seriously
- Buddy flavor or buddiness is an unpleasant flavor
characteristic of syrup or sugar made from sap collected from
maple trees as they come out of dormancy.
- U.S. Department of Agriculture Color Standards means
the official U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) permanent glass
color standards for maple syrup.
Section 175.2 Grades of maple syrup.
- Grade A is the quality of maple syrup that is suitable
for table use and:
- (1) has good color;
- (2) has good flavor and odor;
- (3) is practically free from defects; and
- (4) is practically clear.
- Grade B for reprocessing is the quality of maple syrup
- has fairly good color;
- has fairly good flavor and odor;
- is fairly free from defects;
- is fairly clear; and
- is suitably designated or labeled as a reprocessing grade
in such manner as to qualify for Federal grading, inspection,
or certification. Reprocessing grade maple syrup shall not be
packaged in consumer-size containers and shall be considered
unsuitable for consumer labeling.
- Extra dark for cooking is the quality of maple syrup
- has fairly good color;
- has fairly good flavor and odor;
- is fairly free from defects;
- is fairly clear;
- is suitably designated or labeled as "extra dark for
cooking" in such a manner as to qualify for Federal grading,
inspection, or certification. "Extra dark for cooking"
maple syrup may be packaged in consumer size containers of one
pint or larger. The words "extra dark for cooking"
shall appear prominently and conspicuously on the container
in letters that shall not be less than one-half the size of
the words "maple syrup" and not less than a minimum
of three-sixteenths of an inch in height.
- Substandard is the quality of maple syrup that fails
to meet the requirements for "Grade B for reprocessing"
or "Extra Dark for Cooking".
- Grade nomenclature may be prefixed with the name of the state
of manufacture or the letters U.S. or words United States,
Section 175.3 Color of maple syrup.
- General. Color has reference to the color of maple syrup
when examined by means of the USDA permanent glass color standards
for maple syrup.
- Availability of color standards. The color standards
referred to in this section are available only from the approved
supplier under a license from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Section 175.4 Classification of requirements for maple syrup.
- "A" classification
- Good color means that the syrup color is bright and
typical of maple syrup prepared from sound, properly gathered
sap; and, in addition, meets the following spectral requirements:
- Grade A light amber is as light, or lighter, in
color than the USDA light amber glass color standard.
- Grade A medium amber is darker in color than light amber,
but is no darker than the USDA medium amber glass color standard.
- Grade A dark amber is darker in color than medium amber,
but is no darker than the USDA dark amber glass color standard.
- The syrup shall have a good maple flavor characteristic of
the color, shall be clean, practically clear, practically free
from damage, and shall be free from serious damage.
- "B" or "extra dark for cooking"
- Fairly good color means that the syrup color is darker
in color than the USDA dark amber glass color standard, but
is not off- color for any reason.
- The syrup shall have fairly good characteristic maple flavor,
shall be fairly free from damage, fairly clear, and free from
- Substandard classification. Maple syrup that fails to
meet the requirements of subdivision (a) or (b) of this section
shall not be graded above substandard.
Section 175.5 Determining the grade of a lot of maple syrup.
- The grade of a lot of maple syrup covered by these standards
is determined by the procedures set forth in the Federal regulations
governing inspection and certification of processed fruits and
vegetables, processed products thereof, and certain other processed
food products (7 CFR 2852.1 through 2852.83); provided that when
certifying the color of a sample that has been officially drawn
and which represents a specific lot of maple syrup, the lot shall
be considered as being of one color if the number of color deviants
does not exceed the acceptance number in the appropriate sampling
plan. Any lot of maple syrup in which the number of color deviants
exceeds the acceptance number shall be designated as a lot of
- No deviants for serious damage shall be allowed in grades above
Section 175.6 Recommended fill of container.
Since both Federal and New York State statutes provide that food
shall be deemed to be misbranded if its container is so filled as
to be misleading, it is recommended that each container of maple
syrup be filled as full as practicable, and that the product occupy
not less than 90 percent of the volume of the container.
Section 175.7 Compliance with other legal requirements.
Compliance with the provisions of the rules and regulations in
this Subchapter shall not excuse failure to comply with the provisions
of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, or with other applicable
New York State laws and regulations.
STANDARDS OF GRADING MAPLE SUGAR
176.1 Purity requirements
176.3 Grade requirements
Section 176.1 Purity requirements.
If maple sugar is labeled as to grade, it shall possess a characteristic
maple flavor, be free of a taste of fermentation, be clean, and
free from damage caused by scorching, buddiness, any objectionable
foreign flavor or odor or other means.
Section 176.2 Labeling.
If maple sugar is labeled as to grade as set forth in this Part,
the grade shall conform to the standards set forth in this Part.
Section 176.3 Grade requirements.
- Light amber maple sugar shall consist of maple sugar which
shall not be darker in color than light amber, as represented
by the color standards of the United States Department of Agriculture.
- Medium amber maple sugar shall consist of maple sugar which
shall be darker in color than light amber but not darker than
medium amber, as represented by the color standards of the United
States Department of Agriculture.
- Dark amber maple sugar shall consist of maple sugar which shall
be darker in color than medium amber but not darker than dark
amber, as represented by the color standards of the United States
Department of Agriculture.
FOOD PROCESSING ESTABLISHMENTS
Subject to Regulation Under Article 20-C
of the Agriculture and Markets Law
Section 276.1 Good manufacturing practices.
All food processing establishments subject to regulation under
article 20-C of the Agriculture and Markets Law shall be subject
to the current good manufacturing practices of Part 261 of this
Title unless exempted by said article 20-C or by this Part.
Section 276.4 Exemption.
- Maple syrup and honey. Processors of maple syrup or honey
who do not purchase maple syrup or honey from others for repackaging,
and who do not combine maple syrup or honey with any other substance,
shall be exempt from the licensing requirements of this Subchapter,
provided that the following conditions are met:
- Such establishments are maintained in a sanitary condition
and manner, and to this end the following requirements shall
be complied with:
- (i) Every practicable precaution shall be taken to exclude
birds, insects (except those involved in the production of
the product), rodents and other vermin and animals from the
premises of the operation.
- (ii) The use of insecticides, rodenticides and other pest
control items in such establishments shall be permitted only
under such precautions and restrictions as will prevent the
contamination of the product.
- (iii) Rooms, compartments, places, equipment and utensils
used for preparing, storing or otherwise handling the product,
and all other parts of the operating premises, shall be kept
in a clean and sanitary condition.
- (iv) There shall be no handling or storing of materials
which may create insanitary conditions in any place or places
where the product is prepared, stored or otherwise handled.
- (v) All equipment and utensils used in processing or handling
the product shall be maintained in good repair to assure sanitary
conditions in the operation.
- (vi) All finished product containers must be clean, sanitary
and properly labeled in compliance with the requirements of
Parts 175, 176 and 259 of this Title.
- Exemptions from licensing requirements of article 20-C of the
Agriculture and Markets Law under this section are conditioned
on continued compliance with the requirements of this section.
- The granting of an exemption pursuant to this section will not
except an operation from any inspections the commissioner may
deem necessary to assure compliance with this section.