New York is an Agricultural State.
Agriculture is important to New York State. The
value of agricultural production was over $5.70
billion in 2012. About 23% of the state's land area,
or 7.00 million acres are used by the 36,000 farms to
produce a very diverse array of food products. Here
are some of the items in which New York ranks high
Dairy and animal production in New York provided
$3.0 billion value of production to farmers in 2012.
Milk is New York's leading agricultural product and
is produced all across the state. Milk sales account
for one-half of total agricultural receipts. Production
in 2012 was 13.2 billion pounds with a preliminary
value of $2.56 billion. New York is the nation’s 4th
New York livestock producers marketed 295 million
pounds of meat animals during 2012 bringing in
$333 million in cash receipts.
The combined value of eggs and the value of sales
for chickens was $93.7 million for 2012. New York
ranks 22nd among all egg producing states in value
Field crops, fruits and vegetables returned $2.70
billion to New York farmers in 2012.
The value of New York’s 2012 tree fruit, berry and grape crops totaled $323 million, down 6 percent from the
New York ranks 2nd nationally with production worth
about $249.8 million in 2012. Three general areas
produce most of the apples: along the southern Lake
Ontario shore, along the Hudson Valley, and along the
upper Lake Champlain Valley.
Wine and juice grape production place New York 3rd
behind California and Washington. The crop value is
estimated at $52.3 million in 2012. Grapes utilized for
juice accounted for 62 percent of the total grapes
utilized with 36 percent going for wine and 2 percent for
fresh market. The four major producing areas are Lake
Erie area, the Finger Lakes, the Hudson Valley and the
eastern end of Long Island.
Production in New York ranks 5th in the Nation.
Production in 2012 totaled 2.7 million pounds with a
value of $2.84 mill.
Production ranked 4th in the nation with 3,100 tons and
had a value of $2.35 million.
Strawberries are the 3rd most valuable fruit in New York
and places New York 8th in national production.
Growers harvested 3.20 million pounds in 2012. The
crop was worth $6.88 million to growers.
The value of vegetable production totaled $450
million in 2012. The value of fresh market vegetable
production ranks 5th among all states. Leading
crops in New York are cabbage, sweet corn and
New York produced the largest crop of cabbage in
the Nation. Cabbage is principally grown south of
Lake Ontario in Monroe, Genesee, Orleans, Ontario,
and Niagara counties. New York cabbage is typically
stored for sale as fresh during winter months. Value
of the fresh market crop in 2012 totaled $106 million.
Produced statewide, sweet corn had a value of $68.4
million. Concentrations are found in the Lower
Hudson Valley and around the Genesee Valley.
Production of fresh market sweet corn crop ranked
4th in the nation.
An important crop with value of sales of $46 million in
2012. Onions are grown in New York’s muck soils in
Orange, Orleans, Oswego, Madison and Wayne
counties. The state ranked 5th in production for
Snap beans are grown in the Central and Western
regions for fresh and processing. The 2012 fresh
market and processing crop was valued at $52.2
million. Fresh production accounted for 64 percent
of the total value. New York ranks 4th in fresh
Tomatoes: $47.2 million, 4th nationally
Pumpkins: $33.0 milllion, 1st nationally
Cucumbers: $25.8 milllion, 4th nationally
Squash: $41.2 million, 2nd nationally
Cauliflower: $4.29 million, 3rd nationally
New York produces a variety of field crops largely in support
of its dairy industry. Corn, soybeans and wheat are most
widely grown. New York ranks 3rd in corn silage production
with a value of $532 million. Grain corn ranked 21st in
production and was worth $688 million. Soybeans were
valued at $195 million. The state placed 8th in oat production,
34th in wheat and 23rd for soybean production. Hay value of
production put New York 22nd and was valued at $386
million in 2012. Most hay is used on farms and its value is
realized through the sale of milk and livestock. Potato
production reached a value of $64.4 million in 2012 and
made New York the 14th leading producer.
At $15.7 million, New York ranks 2nd behind Vermont in
value. New York also ranks 2nd behind Vermont in 2012
production with 360,000 gallons.
In 2012, New York floriculture products were valued at $169
million. Bedding and garden plants top the list of
commodities. The wholesale value of New York's floriculture
output ranks 9th nationally. A variety of crops are produced
in 25.2 million square feet of covered area and on 607 acres
of open ground.