Andrew M. Cuomo, Governor | Richard A. Ball, Commissioner
Jessica Ziehm

July 22, 2010

Commissioner Reminds Farmers to Only Sell to Licensed Dealers

Agricultural Producers Security Law Protects Farmers from Nonpayment

New York State Agriculture Commissioner Patrick Hooker today reminded farmers to only sell to licensed farm product dealers. This reminder highlights the provisions contained in Article 20 of the New York State Agriculture and Markets Law, more commonly known as the Agricultural Producers Security Law.  

“The Department is able to offer financial protections to our producers in the event of nonpayment under the Agricultural Producers Security Law,” the Commissioner said.  “The catch is that farmers must make sure they are selling their products to a licensed dealer.  It is also important that producers notify the Department immediately in order to preserve their rights under the law.  Therefore, I recommend that all farmers become familiar with the details of the Agricultural Producers Security Law so they can be assured of their protections in a swift and effective manner.”

Farm product dealers are required to be licensed with the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets.  Dealers’ licenses expire on April 30 of each year and must be renewed for the license year beginning May 1.  The Department maintains a current list of licensed dealers on its website at and can provide a hard copy upon request.

Article 20 of the New York State Agriculture and Markets Law provides financial protection for farmers against nonpayment for their products sold to licensed dealers.  This financial protection consists of security in the form of a bond or letter of credit furnished by the dealer, and supplemental financial coverage from the Agricultural Producers Security Fund, which is funded by licensed dealers.  In order to preserve a producer’s eligibility for the financial protections available under the Agricultural Producers Security Law, producers must:

1.   Sell only to licensed dealers.  Only sales to licensed dealers are covered under Article 20.  The dealer must be licensed at the time of the transaction. 

2.   Ensure that the sale of farm products between the producer and dealer, for which a claim is made, has occurred within 120 days from the earliest unpaid transaction date at the time the claim is filed.  Unpaid transactions that occur after the 120 day period will not be eligible.   

3.   File claims of nonpayment with the Department no later than 365 days after the sale and delivery of the farm products.  In the event the Department has issued a notice to file claims, they must be submitted by the date specified in the published notice without regard to the 365-day time frame.

A producer can also take advantage of Article 20’s trust provision, a legal mechanism that holds a dealer responsible for the full amount owed to a producer.  The “Article 20 Trust” is established upon delivery of the producer’s farm products to a dealer and ends once the amount due is fully paid.  The trust assets are the farm products and the proceeds from the sale of those farm products. To take advantage of the Article 20 Trust, a producer must provide a written notice to the dealer within 60 days from the date when payment is due informing the dealer that the producer is electing the trust benefit.  The written notice  must provide details of the transaction, including the dealer’s name, transaction date, product sold, quantity, price per unit, amount owed and the date payment is due.  As a practical matter, a producer may wish to provide written notice to a dealer on the invoice itself. 

The Department recommends that producers consult with their attorney concerning matters involving preservation of their trust benefit, or to enforce the trust.

For up-to-date information about the law, a copy of the brochure or a list of licensed dealers, please visit the Department’s website at, or call the Department at 1-800-554-4501 or directly at 518-457-1954.

2010 Press Releases