Andrew M. Cuomo, Governor | Richard A. Ball, Commissioner
Jessica Ziehm

August 06, 2010

Commissioner Announces Organic Transition Survey Results

40% of Surveyed Conventional Farmers Have Some Level of Interest in Organic

New York State Agriculture Commissioner Patrick Hooker announced the results of a survey that asked conventional farmers about their level of interest in transitioning to organic agriculture. The survey, conducted in conjunction with the New York Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, found that 40 percent of conventional farmers who responded to the survey have some level of interest in becoming involved in organic production.

“As organic food sales continue to expand in the marketplace, organic production continues to be an increasingly viable farm opportunity,” the Commissioner said. “In order to better help our farming community, we needed to identify the level of interest, the perceived barriers to transition and the materials or services farmers are seeking. This survey was successful in providing us valuable information and will enable us to focus our efforts in areas that were identified as important in order to help those interested participate in this growing and exciting market.”

The survey, the first of its kind in New York, found 6 percent of those surveyed have a high level of interest in organic production, while 15 percent have a moderate interest and 19 percent a slight interest. Sixty percent of respondents indicated that they have no interest in transitioning to organic farming. A copy of the entire survey report can be found at

Kathie Arnold, Chair of the Organic Task Force, said, “This survey broadens our knowledge base as to the mindset of farmers as they consider opportunities provided by organic agriculture. With New York City's eaters providing one of the largest markets for organic food in the country, being able to identify and thus know how to address barriers to entry should allow more New York farmers to enter this expanding market. This, in turn, will help farmers meet the demands of our State’s and region’s markets with New York State grown organic produce, dairy, meats, and grains.”

The survey also found the number one barrier amongst those interested and not interested in organic production to be disease related production losses. Conventional farmers with an interest in organic production also indicated the need for a variety of information and services that would be useful in the transition. They include: directories of organic product buyers, organic-specific written production guidance, local/regional organic market development, organic consulting services, and university research on organic challenges. The top service indicated by organic and transitioning farmers was clearly on-going university research on organic challenges.

To assist organic producers and those interested in transitioning, the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets, in cooperation with the New York State Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program have recently developed 13 organic production guides, which address some of the barriers by providing some of the information and services identified in the survey. The guides, available for free at, provide information for farmers on how to produce a number of certified organic fruits and vegetables. They also list pests and diseases along with research-based methods of control and their effectiveness, highlighting production issues that remain a challenge to New York growers. In the last seven months, more than 24,000 copies of the guides have been downloaded; the apple guide receiving the largest number of downloads with 4,000.

New York State ranks among the top ten states in the country for the number of organic farms. In 2008, the U.S. Census identified 827 certified organic farms in New York State with nearly 168,400 total acres in production. The 2008 Census also found that 77 farms were transitioning another 2,806 acres to organic production.

In 2009, the Organic Trade Association reported organic sales of fruits and vegetables rose to more than 11 percent of all fruit and vegetable sales nationwide. While the rate of organic food sales has slowed significantly from 2008 to 2009, organic food sales still grew by 5.1 percent in 2009, while total U.S. food sales grew by only 1.6 percent.

2010 Press Releases