Agriculture_Markets
Andrew M. Cuomo, Governor | Richard A. Ball, Commissioner
 
  
 Division of Plant Industry
Christopher A. Logue, Director, (518) 457-2087

Japanese Beetle Certification Program

Jap BeetleIn 1916 the Japanese Beetle (Popillia japonica) was introduced into the north east and has since spread throughout the state of New York and beyond. This infestation has resulted in many southern and western states enacting quarantines against any infested state (including NY). As a result any shipments of nursery stock or greenhouse material into Category 1 & 2 States must be treated according to the U.S. Domestic Japanese Beetle Harmonization Plan.

 

Growers who ship frequently into Category 1 & 2 States must have the shipments certified with a phytosanitary certificate or may choose to enter into a Compliance Agreement with the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets. There are three different types of compliance agreements to choose from for certification:

  1. Production During a Pest Free Window
  2. Production in an Approved Japanese Beetle Free Greenhouse / Screenhouse
  3. Treatment of an Approved Regulatory Treatment

Shipments of nursery stock into states where the Japanese beetle is already established are unrestricted.


Descriptions of Conditions or Treatments

Application of Approved Regulatory Treatments – All pesticide products must be labeled and
registered in New York State, and must be used in strict accordance with product labeling instructions and worker protection standards. Nothing in this document is intended to augment or contradict EPA approved label instructions or Federal worker protection standards. Phytosanitary officials and nursery industry members should verify registration/labeling status before use of a particular product. Environmental factors, varietal differences, and stage of growth may have significant effects on phytotoxic expression. When using any pesticide, it is recommended that a small group of plants be treated at the recommended rate under the anticipated growing conditions and observed for phytotoxic symptoms for at least seven days before large numbers of plants are treated. Temperature, humidity, dormancy state of the plant, etc. are some factors that could delay the expression of phytotoxicity symptoms. The user of these approved treatments assumes all the risk for any plant losses that occur. All treatments will be performed under direct supervision of a phytosanitary official or under compliance agreement. Treatments and procedures under a compliance agreement will be monitored closely throughout the season. State phytosanitary certificates listing and verifying the treatment used must be forwarded to the receiving state via fax or electronic mail, as well as accompanying shipment. The phytosanitary certificate shall bear the following Additional Declaration (AD): “The rooted plants were treated to control Popillia japonica according to the criteria for shipment to category 1 states as provided in the U.S. Domestic Japanese Beetle Harmonization Plan.”

Production in an Approved Japanese Beetle Free Greenhouse/Screenhouse - All media must be sterilized, except for commercially processed or prepared (soilless) growing material. All stock must be free of soil (bareroot) before planting into the approved medium. The potted plants must be maintained within the greenhouse/screenhouse during the entire adult flight period. During the adult flight period the greenhouse/screenhouse must be made secure so that adult Japanese beetle cannot gain entry. Security will be documented by the appropriate phytosanitary official. No Japanese beetle contaminated material shall be allowed into the secured area at any time. The greenhouse/screenhouse will be officially inspected by phytosanitary officials and must be specifically approved as a secure area. They shall be inspected by the same officials for the presence of all life stages of the Japanese beetle. The plants and their growing medium must be appropriately protected from subsequent infestation while being stored, packed and shipped. Certified greenhouse/screenhouse nursery stock may not be transported into or through any infested areas unless identity is preserved and adequate safeguards are applied to prevent possible infestation. Each greenhouse/screenhouse operation must be approved by the phytosanitary officials as having met and maintained the above criteria, and issued an appropriate certificate bearing the following Additional Declaration (AD): "The rooted plants (or crowns) were produced in an approved Japanese beetle free greenhouse or screenhouse".

Production during a pest free window - The entire rooted plant production cycle will
be completed within a pest free window, in Japanese beetle-free commercial growing medium or sterilized field soil, i.e., planting, growth, harvest, and shipment will occur outside the adult Japanese beetle flight period, June through September. The accompanying phytosanitary certificate shall bear the following Additional Declaration (AD): "These plants were produced outside the Japanese beetle flight season in Japanese beetle-free growing medium or sterilized field soil".
The following states require advanced notification of plant shipments. It is the nurseries responsibility to notify these states. Phone numbers for states requiring advance notification of plant shipment are as follows:

California

(916) 653-1440

Idaho

(208) 332-8620

Nevada

(775) 353-3711

Oregon

(503) 986-4644

Utah

(801) 538-7180

Washington

(360) 902-1922


If you are in need of a phytosanitary certificate or wish to enter into a compliance agreement you should contact the following staff for your area:
For the counties of Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland and Westchester – Joan Mahoney at 631-288-1751 or email at joan.mahoney@agriculture.ny.gov.

For the counties of Albany, Broome, Chenango, Clinton, Columbia, Cortland, Delaware, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Hamilton, Herkimer, Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Montgomery, Oneida, Onondaga, Oswego, Otsego, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, St. Lawrence, Sullivan, Ulster, Warren or Washington  – Ethan Angell – (518) 275-9489 or ethan.angell@agriculture.ny.gov.
For the counties of Allegany, Cattaraugus, Cayuga, Chautauqua, Chemung, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Ontario, Orleans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tioga, Tompkins, Wayne, Wyoming or Yates  contact – William Ellsworth – (585) 303-3741 or william.ellsworth@agriculture.ny.gov.

JB Approved Establishments

New York State Integrated Pest Management